Logic is usually divided into three parts, inductive reasoning, abductive reasoning and deductive reasoning

2022-05-08 0 By

Logic (Ancient Greek: λογική;German: Logik;French: logique;English: logic;Italian and Spanish: logica;Portuguese: logica), also known as principle, theory, reasoning, syllogism, is the philosophical study of effective syllogism.Logic is used in most intellectual activities, but is considered as a discipline mainly in the fields of psychology, learning, philosophy, semantics, mathematics, inferential statistics, brain science, law, and computer science.Logic discusses the general form logical arguments generally take, which form is valid, and the fallacies therein.Logic is usually divided into three parts: inductive reasoning, abductive reasoning and deductive reasoning.The scientific method is inductive reasoning, there is no inevitability.Mathematics is deductive reasoning.In philosophy, logic is used in most of the major fields: metaphysics/cosmology, ontology, epistemology, and ethics.In mathematics, logic refers to formal logic and mathematical logic, formal logic is the study of a formal language valid inference.It’s mostly deductive reasoning.Logic is also learned in dialectics.Mathematical logic is the study of abstract logic relations and basic mathematics problems.In psychology, brain science, semantics, and law, it deals with the processing of human reasoning.In learning and inferential statistics, it is the study of the maximum possible conclusion.Mainly inductive reasoning, abductive reasoning.In computer science, it is the study of the properties, possibilities, and implementations of various methods on machines.Mainly inductive reasoning, abductive reasoning, but also in the study of inductive reasoning.Logic has been studied since ancient civilizations (such as ancient India, ancient China and ancient Greece).In the West, Aristotle established logic as a formal discipline and gave it a fundamental place in philosophy.The “Encyclopedia of China” (second edition) explains “logic” as: the science that takes the form of reasoning as the main research object.Logic has long been regarded as the science of correct thinking and a tool for acquiring knowledge.In the late 19th century, since the German logician G. Frege, most logicians have realized that logic is the science of reasoning forms.Reasoning is the process of thinking that leads directly to one proposition from several propositions.The proposition immediately followed is the conclusion of the inference, and the proposition or propositions from which the conclusion is drawn are the premises of the inference.The propositional form of the premises and conclusion constitutes the inference form.The propositional form and the inferential form may be collectively called the thought form.The term “form of thought” is commonly used in philosophy to refer to the different forms of thought — concepts, judgments, reasoning, etc.In Hegel’s philosophy, the form of thought refers to the categories in his philosophical system.