General Montgomery visited China twice in the middle of the last century and concluded: Don’t mess with China
As a world famous British military commander, Montgomery visited China twice in spite of international disputes, and left a very high evaluation of China after the visit.This not only broke the diplomatic deadlock between China and the EU at the time, but also reversed the one-sided view of the rest of the world on the new China.Montgomery even said, “Don’t engage Chinese troops on the ground.”Solemnly admonishing the world with courtesy and compromise, he believed that China was bound to rise in the next fifty years, the future is immeasurable, indeed worthy of friendship, no harm.On September 5, 1961, Montgomery, the famous British military commander known as “fox hunter”, visited China alone.This is his second visit to China, and compared with the first unknown and judgment, this time he came with more interest and exploration.Premier Zhou specially arranged the Chinese original intelligence work of the top workers – Xiong Xianghui, as a companion with Montgomery to tour around China, experience the national scenery.The route of this visit mainly includes zhengzhou, Baotou, Wuhan, Luoyang, Xi ‘an, Taiyuan, Sanmenxia and other cities that are unknown to the world because they were not previously open to western countries.The trip, which lasted from September 9 to 20, left plenty of room for Montgomery to observe carefully.I have to say that this visit to China is of positive significance to Montgomery’s evaluation of China and even to influence the evaluation of China by other countries in the world.Not only China’s mountains and rivers, but also its rich local customs and customs, impressed the former NATO and EU deputy commander in chief from coastal Britain.The unity of the Chinese people, the unity of their beliefs, that Montgomery learned during his travels was enough to cement his high opinion of the new China.In the remote cities of Baotou and Shanxi, Montgomery peppered random passers-by with questions: “Who do you most support?Who do you listen to most?””It was Chairman MAO,” everyone who was asked, without revealing their identities, replied.Such unity deeply rooted Montgomery’s trust in the future development of China, which became one of the three reasons for Montgomery to appeal to other countries in the world “do not be the enemy of China.”Montgomery also summed up the other two advantages of China, one is the enthusiasm of the people to join the army, the glory of serving the country;Second, the army and the people are closely linked and deeply linked as one family.It is precisely because of the more comprehensive, in-depth and positive evaluation of Montgomery’s second visit to China by western countries that this visit has become the key to breaking the deadlock in China-Eu diplomacy.”Fox Hunter” Montgomery Speaking of Montgomery, why did his assessment of China go so far in the West?Because of Montgomery’s military achievements and political influence.Montgomery’s father had been the bishop of Tasmania, and his family environment was good. His initial education was also based on one-to-one family tutoring, which was the common treatment for noble young lords.Unfortunately, Montgomery did not love learning at that time, its own character naughty love naughty, make mother sigh repeatedly, worry unceasingly.The turning point in his life was the change that sport brought to him when he went to St Paul’s School in London.Sports, I must say, made Montgomery feel more like himself than rigid history and Latin.Because of his athletic excellence, Montgomery worked hard at school, and he was successfully admitted to the Royal Military Academy sandhurst, which trains army officers in the world.From then on, Montgomery began a brilliant career in the war.He won many battles, most notably the defeat of Rommel in North Africa, the evacuation of Dunkirk and the D-Day invasion.Speaking of the North African War, Montgomery’s nickname “fox hunter” came from this.In 1942, he led the British eighth Army in North Africa to defeat rommel, the German commander known as the “desert Fox”.Although the British army was superior in numbers at that time, Rommel always had no politics but military in mind. He was bold in battle and flexible in strategy. More than once, he defeated the British army with fewer victories and more defeats.Montgomery’s drubbing of Rommel was, in many ways, astonishing.It’s true. It’s true.As for the evacuation of Dunkirk, it is one of the most famous military operations in history that did not involve a direct battle.Under heavy German fire, the British third Division was forced to retreat to the bridgehead of Dunkirk.There was no empty talk of passion in war, and this sensible retreat led Montgomery to describe it in his memoirs as “a hundred percent decision”.Of course, his Normandy landings are better known in war history.The visit of such an important British military commander to China in the early 1960s was controversial.It was more than a decade after the founding of the People’s Republic of China, and the international attitude towards the communist country was subtle, divided and sometimes even negative.But during Montgomery’s solo visit to the Soviet Union, he was intrigued by Soviet newspapers claiming that China “could be the key to world peace.”At that time, Montgomery was worried about the world pattern of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union and hoped to change the situation of the Cold War by visiting different countries.Finally, on May 54, 1960, Montgomery left for China despite the Dissuasion of the British government.He was warmly received by Chinese leaders.Although Chairman MAO was unable to receive him personally due to business arrangements, premier Zhou’s diplomatic image of calm and grand pattern at the beginning completely reversed his initial view of China.Later in the meeting with Chairman MAO, the two exchanged views on China’s future development.He wrote about the meeting in a later newspaper article.In Montgomery’s My Talks with MAO Zedong, Chairman MAO said, “China needs peace and long and arduous construction.So China will not invade or force other countries to accept communist ideas.”This commitment dispels Montgomery’s speculation that China’s rapid population growth could lead to foreign aggression.The two men had a good conversation and agreed to visit China next time in ’61.Another interesting thing happened during Montgomery’s first visit to China.At that time, General Yang Yong, commander of the Jincheng counterattack, led Montgomery to visit the military museum, and the assassination drill of the 50-man phalanx.While watching the drill, Montgomery took it into his head to take down a semi-automatic rifle and lay it down.A shot hits and a bullet hits.General Yang Yong understood Montgomery’s competition, also took the rifle, standing at the same distance to shoot, the same without a miss.And earned Montgomery’s respect.Summary: During Montgomery’s visit to China, China could not win his recognition and respect without the diplomatic style of Chairman MAO, Premier Zhou and other national leaders, as a great power.Also inseparable from the national unity, unity of the pursuit of faith.Both of these experiences tell us that diplomacy is essential to a strong country.We must not forget the root of this statement.This is what happened in Nixon’s visit to China, which opened the door to china-us friendship, and Montgomery’s visit to China, which broke the deadlock between China and Europe.